Topfreedom in Canada

The Supreme Court of British Columbia is the province’s superior trial court. The Supreme Court is a court of general and inherent jurisdiction which means that it can hear any type of case, civil or criminal. It hears most appeals from the Provincial Court in civil and criminal cases and appeals from arbitrations. A party may appeal a decision of the Supreme Court to the Court of Appeal. The Supreme Court Act , R. The legislation also provides for supernumerary judges who sit hearing cases part-time. There are also 15 Supreme Court masters who hear and dispose of a wide variety of applications in chambers. The Supreme Court also has a Registrar who hears assessments relating to bills of costs, reviews lawyers’ accounts, settles orders, references of various types and deals with bankruptcy discharge applications. The suspension is set to end 90 days after the date on which the last declaration of a state of emergency expires or is cancelled. Effective July 27, , parties must file and serve trial briefs, trial records and trial certificates in accordance with the Supreme Court Civil Rules and the Supreme Court Family Rules.

Guide to the Textile Labelling and Advertising Regulations

A number of important events took place at the end of the Roman Kingdom and beginning of the Roman Republic. The king of Clusium, Lars Porsenna, sieged Rome. The city signed a treaty of support with Carthage, the temple of Jupiter Capitolinus was consecrated and a new office, called consul, was created.

ff. Google Scholar that these were separate treaties dating from shortly before B.C.. 29 Philochoros.

The age of consent is the age at which a young person can legally agree to sexual activity. Age of consent laws apply to all forms of sexual activity, ranging from kissing and fondling to sexual intercourse. The age of consent to sexual activity is 16 years. In some cases, the age of consent is higher for example, when there is a relationship of trust, authority or dependency.

In other words, a person must be at least 16 years old to be able to legally agree to sexual activity. A 14 or 15 year old can consent to sexual activity as long as the partner is less than five years older and there is no relationship of trust, authority or dependency or any other exploitation of the young person. This means that if the partner is 5 years or older than the 14 or 15 year old, any sexual activity is a criminal offence. There is also a “close in age” exception for 12 and 13 year olds.

A 12 or 13 year old can consent to sexual activity with a partner as long as the partner is less than two years older and there is no relationship of trust, authority or dependency or any other exploitation of the young person. This means that if the partner is 2 years or older than the 12 or 13 year old, any sexual activity is a criminal offence.

The following factors may be taken into account when determining whether a relationship is exploitative of the young person:. The Criminal Code protects all Canadians from sexual abuse and exploitation. For example, it protects everyone, including children, against:. It is against the law for anyone to use the internet to communicate with a young person in order to commit a sexual or abduction offence against that young person.

BC For High School

If you’re human leave this blank:. How to prove a common law relationship in BC depends on many factors which a judge will consider as whole. Believe it or not, you do not even need to live under the same roof to be considered common law. Our common law lawyers know that financial, emotional, physical and life dependencies all come to play when considering whether you were in a common law relationship or not.

(b) a person who on that date has reached age 19 but not 21 is deemed to have reached majority on that date. (2) Subsection (1) applies for the purposes of. (a).

For example, your phone may automatically back up files to cloud storage. Remember, if you have questions about sexting you can always call Kids Help Phone at The law is there to protect people and stop this from happening. In , the Supreme Court of Canada decided young people have a right to express themselves sexually by creating and sharing sexual images of themselves if:.

When you tell a lawyer you need advice, they have to keep everything you say private. This is called solicitor-client privilege and generally includes things another professional may have an obligation to report.

Privacy in the landlord and tenant relationship

If your abuser monitors your computer, delete your browsing history. In Canada, only a court can give you a civil divorce. It is a crime to marry a Canadian citizen or permanent resident only to gain entry into Canada. Find out more information about marriage fraud. Family violence includes many different kinds of abuse that adults or children may have in their families or homes.

All consumer textile articles identified in Schedule I of the Regulations and which of the importation, the date and port of entry and the address of the premises.

McBride declines, asserting that they do not have a legal case and that Indigenous people, in general, are satisfied with BC policies. In response, the Interior Tribes issues a Memorial and Declaration, reiterating their July declaration. Due to government approval of the McKenna-McBride recommendations, the Allied Tribes declares that they are entitled to a hearing at the Privy Council and demands the funding and sanction to do so.

The Committee considers the position of the Allied Tribes for two weeks, then declares that they had not proven any rights to the land based on Aboriginal or other title. The Committee recommends that the matter be closed, and blaming outside agitators for Indigenous resistance, recommends a ban on obtaining funds or legal counsel to advance Aboriginal Title cases. Canada amends the Indian Act to make it illegal to obtain funds or legal counsel to advance Aboriginal Title cases.

Indigenous resistance goes underground. NBBC organizes protests on fishing, lands, taxation and social issues.

Retrieving Newspaper Articles for Law Review Research

The Thistle. Volume 13, Number 2: Sept. Hemp has been one of the most significant crops for mankind up until this last century. Hemp was probably the earliest plant cultivated for textile fiber.

For thousands of years, Indigenous peoples from what is now known as British Columbia upheld and exercised their own legal traditions, which long pre-date.

Draconian laws , traditional Athenian law code allegedly introduced by Draco c. Aristotle, the chief source for knowledge of Draco, claims that his were the first written Athenian laws and that Draco established a constitution enfranchising hoplites, the lower class soldiers. The Draconian laws were most noteworthy for their harshness; they were said to be written in blood, rather than ink. Death was prescribed for almost all criminal offenses.

Modern scholarship tends to be skeptical of the Draconian tradition. The hoplite constitution was certainly a later invention.

A funeral trousseau dating from the 5th millennium BC returns to Italy

Highlights of the Practice Checklists. The Law Society would like to thank the contributors who helped develop the practice checklists. Although the checklists are the result of a careful consideration of each area of the law covered, they are not intended as a substitute for the professional judgment of a lawyer.

An attempt has been made to be comprehensive, but the checklists are not exhaustive.

Law Society of British Columbia v. Trinity Western University. Collection. Supreme Court Judgments. Date. Neutral citation. SCC Report.

Possibly as a result of the foreign rule of the Hyksos during the Second Intermediate Period, the New Kingdom saw Egypt attempt to create a buffer between the Levant and Egypt, and attained its greatest territorial extent. It expanded far south into Nubia and held wide territories in the Near East. Egyptian armies fought Hittite armies for control of modern-day Syria. At the age of seven, his father Seqenenre Tao II was killed, probably while putting down members of the Asiatic tribe known as Hyskos , who were rebelling against the Thebean Royal House in Lower Egypt.

At the age of ten, he saw his brother Kamose die of unknown causes after reigning for only three years. Despite these challenges, Ahmose I managed to take and hold power, laying the foundations for the New Kingdom by completing the conquest and expulsion of the Hyskos from the delta region, restoring Theban rule over the whole of Egypt and successfully reasserting Egyptian power in its formerly subject territories of Nubia and Canaan. Ahmose II then turned his focus to reorganizing the administration of the country, reopening quarries, mines and trade routes and ordering massive construction projects of a type that had not been undertaken since the time of the Middle Kingdom.

Draconian laws

Search articles, books, journals, and more. Advanced Search. Click the link to chat with a librarian and ask any questions that you might have or send an email to lawref bc. If you are checking a newspaper citation dating from past years, it is unlikely that you will be reviewing a print source.

From BC, the patricians no longer allowed commoners to take part in the government and began to control all civil and religious matters. Roman law. As well.

Search articles, books, journals, and more. Advanced Search. Click the link to chat with a librarian and ask any questions that you might have or send an email to lawref bc. The text of the Massachusetts Constitution appears in the various editions of the General Laws of Massachusetts, and may be found by checking the index for each edition see Codes below.

It also may be found on the Internet. Massachusetts Legal Research. Ask a Librarian Click the link to chat with a librarian and ask any questions that you might have or send an email to lawref bc. Constitution The text of the Massachusetts Constitution appears in the various editions of the General Laws of Massachusetts, and may be found by checking the index for each edition see Codes below. Massachusetts Constitution.

These volumes provide the text of all public and private acts passed by the annual sessions of the Massachusetts legislature, officially known as the General Court of the Commonwealth. Coverage for this set is from to the present.

Brochure: Respect Sexual Consent

Policies and Procedures. Retaliation against individuals who file reports or otherwise participate in investigative and disciplinary procedures designed to address violations of this policy is also prohibited. This policy does not alter or modify laws, regulations, or college policies applicable to the legitimate exercise of academic freedom or constitutionally-protected rights.

General complaints unrelated to discrimination or harassment based on membership in a protected class or retaliation are addressed in Policy Retaliation against any individual who reports, files a claim, or participates in an investigation or disciplinary proceeding involving alleged violations of this policy is also prohibited.

Consequences of Policy Violations.

You should consult a family law lawyer to determine your separation date given its importance to asset division. Certain types of property are defined to be.

Authenticated PDF. Laws, c. It shall be sufficient to state, either alone or with other businesses or purposes, that the purpose of the corporation is to engage in any lawful act or activity for which corporations may be organized under the General Corporation Law of Delaware, and by such statement all lawful acts and activities shall be within the purposes of the corporation, except for express limitations, if any;.

If the corporation is to be authorized to issue more than 1 class of stock, the certificate of incorporation shall set forth the total number of shares of all classes of stock which the corporation shall have authority to issue and the number of shares of each class and shall specify each class the shares of which are to be without par value and each class the shares of which are to have par value and the par value of the shares of each such class.

The foregoing provisions of this paragraph shall not apply to nonstock corporations. In the case of nonstock corporations, the fact that they are not authorized to issue capital stock shall be stated in the certificate of incorporation. The conditions of membership, or other criteria for identifying members, of nonstock corporations shall likewise be stated in the certificate of incorporation or the bylaws. Nonstock corporations shall have members, but failure to have members shall not affect otherwise valid corporate acts or work a forfeiture or dissolution of the corporation.

Nonstock corporations may provide for classes or groups of members having relative rights, powers and duties, and may make provision for the future creation of additional classes or groups of members having such relative rights, powers and duties as may from time to time be established, including rights, powers and duties senior to existing classes and groups of members. Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, nonstock corporations may also provide that any member or class or group of members shall have full, limited, or no voting rights or powers, including that any member or class or group of members shall have the right to vote on a specified transaction even if that member or class or group of members does not have the right to vote for the election of the members of the governing body of the corporation.

Voting by members of a nonstock corporation may be on a per capita, number, financial interest, class, group, or any other basis set forth. The provisions referred to in the 3 preceding sentences may be set forth in the certificate of incorporation or the bylaws. If neither the certificate of incorporation nor the bylaws of a nonstock corporation state the conditions of membership, or other criteria for identifying members, the members of the corporation shall be deemed to be those entitled to vote for the election of the members of the governing body pursuant to the certificate of incorporation or bylaws of such corporation or otherwise until thereafter otherwise provided by the certificate of incorporation or the bylaws;.

BC and 108 five minutes or less